story is part of story of the Treviņo/Uribe Fort.
At the time that the walled fort was built(possibly 1853), a
sundial was set above the portals of the entrance gate. The sundial has
a story that goes with it.
To tell the story you have to go back a few years to Revilla. Cosme
Damian Martinez and his cousin, Jose villareal, as 13 year olds, were
captured by the indians and taken north into Texas. After about ten days
of traveling, they managed to escape. First, they traveled north guided
by the north star to throw off the indians then south, traveling at
night and hiding during the day. After traveling for days they reached
Palafox, a small town north of Laredo. There they were nursed back to
health and taken back to Revilla.
Jose never forgot the importance of the stars for directions. When he
was older on one of his trips to the interior of Mexico, he saw a
sundial set to point to the north star with an arrow in the center. He
asked how it was done and learned all he could about making one. When
don Blas Maria was building the fort, Jose asked don Blas Maria if he
could make and set a sundial on the entrance. Jose was given permission
to set the sundial. Jose made two stone blocks, polished on both sides
with a small hole on the center for the iron arrow to be set. The hole
was also used to set the stone on its final resting place on the mortar.
The stone had to be set during the equinox. The equinox is when
the sun is directly over the equator, which is either March 21 or
September 23. The stone had to be set at night with the hole for the
arrow pointing to the north star. The arrow was then set on the hole to
read time. The sundial shows time on the north side in the summer and
the south side in the winter except for 2 or 3 days during the year.
The original entrance to the fort
was flat on top of the gate. The round part was added by don Blas Maria
to accommodate the sundial.
This was the monument that Jose Villareal made to the north star in
appreciation for guiding him away from the indians and back to his home
The reason for Jose making 2 stones was in case one broke, he already
had a second one ready. The second stone that was never used was wrapped
in hides and buried in the fort grounds.
To this day, it has never been found.